Description of Sixteen Different Personality Types
Personality testSee Victoria Bluvas's link for more info
5 Demensions of Personality

Mod. 33 Vocab

Personality- an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting.
Free Association- in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
Psychoanalysis- Freud's theory of personality that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.
Unconscious- region, containing thoughts wishes, feelings, and memories of which we are unaware.
ego- the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud , mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality.
superego- voice of the conscience that forces the ego to consider not only the real but the ideal, and that focuses solely on how one ought to behave.
Psychosexual stages- a stage where the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on discontinct pleasure-sensitive areas of the body called erogenous zones
Oedipus complex- Freud believed that boys seek genital stimulation , and they devolved both unconscious sexual desires for their mother and hatred for their father.
Identification- a process in which a child's superegos gain strength as they incorporate many of their parents values.
Fixate- a pleasure seeking focus (Freud)
Defense mechanisms- in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality.
repression- the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts feelings and memories from consciousness
regression- defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psycho-sexual stage where some psychic energy remains fixated
reaction information-defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. thus people may express feelings that are the opposite of their aneixy arousing unconscious feelings
projection- defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
rationalization- defense mechanism that offers self justifying explanations in place of the real more threatening unconscious reasons for actions
displacement- defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet.
project test- a personality test that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger a projection of ones inner dynamics
Rorschach inkblot test- the most widely used test, a set of 10 inblots designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to undetify peoples inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots.
collective unconscious- Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history
self-actualization- according to Maslow the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and selfesteem is achieved
unconditional positive regard- according to Roger, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person
self-concept- all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question who am I?

Mod. 34 Vocab
Personality- So basically personality is how a person thinks, feels and acts!
Trait- a characteristic pattern of behavior. You are either self- assessed or assessed by your friends.
Personality Inventory- A questionnaire in which people react to items that are designed to create a wide range of behaviors/ feelings. Assesses selected personality traits.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)- most used research test ever!!! It was developed to identify emotional disorders. It is also used for many other screening purposes.
Empirically Derived Test- a test made by testing a pool of items and selecting those that discriminate between groups.
Social-Cognitive Perspective- views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people and their social context.
Reciprocal Determinism- the interacting influences between personality and environmental factors.
Personal Control- our sense of controlling our environment rather than feeling helpless.
External Locus of Control- the perception that chance or outside forces beyond ones personal control determines one's fate.
Internal Locus of Control- The perception that one controls one's own fate.
Learned Helplessness- the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.

Mod. 35 Vocab

Spotlight Effect - Ones overestimation of other people's ability to notice or evaluate our appearance, performance, and blunders.
Self-esteem - A person's feeling of their own self-worth.
Self-serving Bias - Our own readiness to perceive or describe ourselves in a favorable manner.
Individualism - Focusing your priorities on your own goals over the goals of a group, as well as defining your identity in terms of personal attributes.
Collectivism - Giving priority to the goals of a group, and conforming one’s identity accordingly.

MODULE 35 Overview -

Personality concerns the most important and most noticeable parts of an individual's psychological life. It can determine whether a person is happy or sad, energetic or apathetic, smart or dull. Over the years, many different definitions have been proposed for personality. Most of the definitions refer to a mental system -- a collection of psychological parts including motives, emotions, and thoughts.According to our textbook, personality is an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
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The ways people think often affects their personality. For example, the "type A" vs. "type B" theory of personalities correlates to being right or left brained. The more creative a person is, quite commonly the more laid back and aloof their personality is. Whereas more mathematial or fact-based thinkers are more likely to be competitive, ambitious, and time-conscious.
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According to Jung's theory of Psychological Types we are all different in fundamental ways. One's ability to process different information is limited by their particular type.

People can be either Extroverts or Introverts, depending on the direction of their activity; Thinking, Feeling, Sensing, Intuitive, according totheir own information pathways; Judging or Perceiving, depending on the method in which they process received information.

  • are interested in what is happening around them
  • are open and often talkative
  • compare their own opinions with the opinions of others
  • like action and initiative
  • easily make new friends or adapt to a new group
  • say what they think
  • are interested in new people
  • easily break unwanted relations
  • are interested in their own thoughts and feelings
  • need to have own territory
  • often appear reserved, quiet and thoughtful
  • usually do not have many friends
  • have difficulties in making new contacts
  • like concentration and quiet
  • do not like unexpected visits and therefore do not make them
  • work well alone

The sixteen types of personality

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