Personality--Psychoanalytic Perspective

Psychoanalysis- enforces that early childhood sexuality and experiences are that are stored unconciously, can carry into adulthood and interfere with their life as an adult .

Psychologist Sigmund Freud called his unique techniques and ideas Psychoanalysis. He compared the mind to an iceberg due to the fact that it is mostly hidden. The part of the iceberg that you can see is your conscious awareness, and the part under the
surface of the water is your unconscious.



Sigmund Freud
Freud's Office

Freud's office had antiquities from around the world, including artwork related to his ideas about unconscious motives. His famous couch, piled high with pillows, placed patients in a comfortable reclining position facing away from him.

As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. Psychoanalytic treatment is highly individualized and seeks to show how the unconscious factors affect behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health. Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life.

If you're like me, you've probably wondered how Freud came up with some of the things that are now standard belief in psychology, such as the secret desires hidden in dreams, i.e, a gun equaling a.... -_- , etc. I thought that to understand the madness, we must first understand the man.
Freuds story, like many others, doesn't begin with him. His story begins with the people who influenced him, starting with his friend and mentor Dr. Joseph Breuer and his patient Anna O. I'm going to start with Anna because.....

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....seems like Freuds kind of girl.

...she had a few problems.
Anna was a patient of Dr. Breur from 1880 to 1882. She was twenty-one years old and spent most of her time nursing her sick father. She developed speech disorders, in which she would speak in different languages or become completely mute. She also developed a cough that had no physical basis. If that wasn't strange enough, after the death of her father, she began to refuse food and periodically lose the feeling in her hands and feet, developed paralysis and had involuntary spasms, ya know from time to time. She also had hallucinations, tunnel vision, delusional fairy tale fantasies and even tried the occasional suicide.....without the use of drugs or anything physical altering her perception. Needless to say, her and Freud sound like a match made in heaven. Freuds main man Breur stepped in and diagnosed Anna with hysteria. He would calm her down through the use of hypnosis and other methods.See more info on Sigmund Freud

Just kidding, its Really Serial Killer though.
Just kidding, its Really Serial Killer though.

Do serial killers act of implulse or are they completely rational and just dont care.
Scientists have proven that certin parts of the brain the (Amyglia) are actually smaller than normal
individuals. Almost 17 times smaller in some cases. That is one big difference! So besides the fact parts of the brain
are smaller, they are intellegent. Most having incredibly high IQ's. Okay. so they are smart? Shouldn't they know
if what they are doing is wrong? Scienctists aren't sure yet. We are part of the animal kingdom. So, we have natural
primal, animal instincts. In psychopaths, the primal part of their brain does not fucntion in sync the way it
should with the rest of the brain. They focus on killing, where as we foucis on other tasks. Sometimes
they can even lie perfectly, They can slow down their stress levels, on some point, they
still feel a rush but they mask it.

Well are they born messed up?
It's proven that traumatizing effects as a child can interfere with the effects as an adult. Even minor effects. It's also proven that children at a young age respond toimages of violence equal to the real thing. So an overexposure to violence, violent thret, orthe sense of violence can even desensatise them to violence. That means they think violence is okay and that it is the answer. Perhapseven fun. Who knows how it will effect them. Scienctists believe thatbecoming a psychopath can range from how your brain develops in the womb, fromyour posuition, your genetics, the engiormnet and/ or how you are raised.They plan on sudying those who are psychpaths and lay outside of our society.

Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalytic perspective. In psychoanalytic perspective there are three main pieces that connect to it which are ID, EGO,and SUPER-EGO. Three parts described in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the Psyche. The ID is the uncoordinated instinctual trends of a being, the EGO is organised realistic part of the psyche, and the SUPER-EGO is critical and moralizing function. These are all functions of the mind, not parts of the brain. Freud's model of this was first discussed in his 1920's essay '' Beyond the Pleasure Principle''.
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What is on a man's mind
What is on a man's mind

Id, Ego, and Super-Ego

ID contains the basic drives according to the pleasure principle to avoid pains or displeasure.

Ego acts as the reality principle. It seeks to please the id’s drive in realistic ways that will benefit in the long term rather than bringing grief.

SUPER-EGO aims for perfection. It comprises the organized part of the personality structure, mainly but not entirely unconscious, which includes the individual's ideal ego, spiritual goals, and the psychic agency (commonly called "conscience") that criticizes and prohibits his or her drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions.

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Id and superego are like the devil and angel on the Ego's shoulder


Psychosexual Stages

According to Freud, Psychosexual stages were a big part of personality development. Freud also studied the Oedipus Complex(boy develops sexual desires for his mother and envies his father.) and Electra Complex (for a girl).

Freud said that sexual life begins with manifestations that present themselves soon after birth. The four main phases in sexual development are the oral phase, the sadistic-anal phase, the phallic phase, and the genital phase, and each phase is characterized by specific occurrences. During the oral phase, the individual places emphasis on providing satisfaction for the needs of the mouth, which emerges as the first erotogenic zone. During the sadistic-anal phase, satisfaction is sought through aggression and in the excretory function. During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother. The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether. Following the phallic phase is a period of latency, in which sexual development comes to a halt. Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed. Errors occurring in the development of the sexual function result in homosexuality and sexual perversions, according to Freud.

This linkprovides an indepth look at Freud's Psychosexual stages.

PAGE 481; TABLE 33.1:


Pleasure centers on the mouth-
Sucking, Biting, Chewing.


Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder
elimination: Coping with demands for control.


Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with
incestuous sexual feelings.


Dormant sexual feelings.


Maturation of sexual interests.

Freud's Ideas contradict Modern Research

- he didn't have access to all that we have learned about human development, and etc
- comparing freuds ideas to todays ideas on personality is like comparing two different things
- the latest research contradicts many of freuds specific ideas
- oedipus complex= gender identity at early age around 5 or 6

-repression myth; most traumatic event are scarred onto the soul and are almost impossible to repress
- freud's ideas problems:
- fails to predict such behavior and traits, but has after the fact explanations
- the originality of his ideas is not good becuase they can not be relevant in some cases- today Darwin's legacy lives on- and freud's is dying away, except for in the pop culture, a slight fear of losing one's penisAnxiety: 1) realistic- or fear2) moral- shame or guilt, and fear of punishment3) neurotic- nervous, plain anxiety, overwhelmed by impulses of the ID Freudian Slips

A Freudian slip is a mistake in memory where you replace a word with another, more inappropriate word. Freud believed that this was a way that the unconscious mind is revealed. And example of a Freudian slip would be calling your girlfriend by your ex-girlfriend's name. Freud thought that these slips were caused by repression and lack of attention. A slip reveals a hidden want, wish, or thought.
More on Freudian Slips

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Watch this video clip of hilarious Freudian slips

This article​discusses the conscious and unconscious mind and mentions Freudian slips.

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Freudian Defense Mechanisms

The ego has to keep a balance between the impulses of the id and the morals of the superego, while still keeping the situation realistic. When the ego has trouble keeping both in balance, it employs defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms take the feelings that we can't consciously tolerate and indirectly expresses them through the unconscious. These defenses are not all unhealthy as they are sometimes seen. However, both the lack of defense mechanisms or the overuse of them can lead to problems in life.

arguing against an anxiety provoking stimuli by stating it doesn't exist
denying that your physician's diagnosis of cancer is correct and seeking a second opinion
taking out impulses on a less threatening target
slamming a door instead of hitting as person, yelling at your spouse after an argument with your boss
avoiding unacceptable emotions by focusing on the intellectual aspects
focusing on the details of a funeral as opposed to the sadness and grief
placing unacceptable impulses in yourself onto someone else
when losing an argument, you state "You're just Stupid;" homophobia
supplying a logical or rational reason as opposed to the real reason
stating that you were fired because you didn't kiss up the the boss, when the real reason was your poor performance
reaction formation
taking the opposite belief because the true belief causes anxiety
having a bias against a particular race or culture and then embracing that race or culture to the extreme
returning to a previous stage of development
sitting in a corner and crying after hearing bad news; throwing a temper tantrum when you don't get your way
pulling into the unconscious
forgetting sexual abuse from your childhood due to the trauma and anxiety
acting out unacceptable impulses in a socially acceptable way
sublimating your aggressive impulses toward a career as a boxer; becoming a surgeon because of your desire to cut; lifting weights to release 'pent up' energy
pushing into the unconscious
trying to forget something that causes you anxiety

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This picture is an example of the displacement defense mechanism.

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To learn even more about this topic, go to\


Cherry, K. (n.d.). Freud's stages of psychosexual development. Retrieved from

Cherry, K. (n.d.). The Conscious and unconscious mind. Retrieved from

Myers, D. (2005). Exploring pyschology . Holand, MI: Worth Publishers.

Yudofsky, Stuart C. (2005). Fatal Flaws: Navigating Destructive Relationships with People with Disorders of Personality and Character . American Psychiatric Publishing.


Member 1 Kara Rode, Period 2--editor
Member 2: Meagan Kennedy, Period 2
Member 3: Kyle O'Brien, period 2, freud in modern psychology/ organizer
Member 4:khadijah taylor per 2- research/pictures.
Member 5: NICK WILSEY, PERIOD 3 - Freud's Ideas as Scientific Theory (Schuylerville)
Member 6:Javan Richards,period 3,
Member 7:Kayla Christiano, period 5 / research
Member 8:​Briana Wilson-Period 5 research/videos.
Member 9: Lindsay Komp, Period 5- Images
Member 10: Malcolm Mathias per.2 articles
Member 11:Rebecca O'Leary, I can research repression... and the other defense mechanisms along with Kyle
Member 12: Sammy Bielli- period 3
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